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Ibrahim Abboud

He fought for Sudan's independence and in 1958, after a coup d'etat, he proclaimed himself Prime Minister.

He was Sudanese military man and politician and was born on 26th October 1900 in Mohammed-Gol, Sudan. He studied Engineering at Gordon Memorial College in Khartoum and in the United Kingdom he trained as a cadet in the Military School.

He took part in the Second World War in Eritrea, Ethiopia and Italy, playing a very important role for which he received various awards. He proved to be a brave soldier, with leadership skills and administrative vision. He gained international respect and admiration for his bravery, courage and discipline.

In 1949 he became an appointed representative and after independence Abboud was named Commander in Chief of Sudan's Armed Forces. From the opposition, he championed for social, economic and administrative reforms.

In 1953 United Kingdom and Egypt reached an agreement to grant Sudan independence, which would be finally achieved on 1st January 1956. After this period there was another of economic and political difficulties which paralysed the public administration. In 1958 Ibrahim Abboud caused a coup d'etat and proclaimed himself Prime Minister.

But Abboud did not undertake the reforms he had promised to return Sudan to civil government. To this a movement of popular resentment was added, which forced the army to take power in October 1964. Abboud was overthrown by troops from the south who were looking for greater participation in national politics. In 1969 a new military coup d'etat brought General Gaafar al-Nimeiry to power, who after re-establishing order in the country became Sudan's first president.

After his resignation he lived in England for a few years, although he returned to Sudan where he died aged 83 on the 8th September 1983.



Biography on the website BookRags

History of Sudan