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Amílcar Cabral

Ideologue of the independence of Guinea Bissau and Cape Verde, and one of the leading theorists of the armed fight for African liberation.

Amílcar Cabral was born in Guinea Bissau in 1924. An agricultural engineer and writer, he is considered an ideologue of the independence of Cape Verde and Guinea Bissau, which were Portuguese colonies at the time. In his career, his position as General Secretary of the African Party for the Independence of Guinea and Cape Verde (PAIGC) in 1956 stands out, as well as that of founder of the National Assembly of the Guinean Population in 1972, an important step towards independence.

Initially, Cabral strove for his liberation movement to obtain the nation´s independence peacefully, requesting for Portugal to recognise Guinea´s and Cape Verde´s self-determination. However, the rejection of the request and the start of social events and mobilisations led to an armed fight.

Independence was declared in 1975, an event that Cabral was not able to witness. He had been assassinated two years earlier in Conakry, the capital of Guinea, in his own home, where the party had established its headquarters.